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The word orthodontics consists of the Greek words "ortho" and "odons" what means straight teeth. Orthodontics department is a special branch of dentistry and deals with the diagnosis, protection-prevention and treatment of dental and skeletal irregularities, facial asymmetries and arrangement of jaw relations, and proper alignment of teeth on the jawbone.
Orthodontic examination is very important for early diagnosis of orthodontic problems and to take necessary precautions, it is recommended that the individual should be followed by an orthodontist from the age of 7.
Except this; If your child is breathing through his mouth and has a nasal cavity problem, has used a pacifier for a long time, has a finger sucking habit, has a lip-palate problem, a tooth deficiency has been detected, a severe blow to his jaw, in other family members the lower or upper jaw is too far or behind If there is an early deciduous tooth extraction for any reason, any child who is thought to have perplexed teeth should be taken to an orthodontist for examination.
When the size of the teeth is not compatible with the size of the jaw, the teeth are arranged in an intricate or spaced order to be located on the jawbone.
Periodontal diseases (gum diseases) and tooth decay are more likely to be seen, as cleaning the teeth that are located in a crooked position and maintaining good oral hygiene will often be more difficult.
This increases the risk of early loss of teeth. Irregularities in tooth alignment cause abnormal abrasions in the teeth, a decrease in the chewing ability of the teeth, and stress in the gingiva and bone tissue surrounding the tooth. In addition, joint discomfort can be seen due to the excessive load on the jaw joint and chewing muscles, and consequently, headache, ear pain, back and neck pain may be experienced. Crowded teeth also affect a person's smile aesthetically. With orthodontic treatment, a healthy mouth structure is obtained as well as a good aesthetic appearance.
Orthodontic treatment has no age. Every individual who carries out regular dental care and has healthy gums and bone structure can have orthodontic treatment at any age. However, the growth and breakthrough period of the individual is very important in the diagnosis, protection, prevention and treatment of skeletal problems, lower or upper jaw being ahead or behind, developmental problems. Although the treatment of these problems is more difficult in older ages, surgical treatment is often required.
Orthodontic treatment actually includes orthopedic treatment where skeletal problems are regulated and dental treatment where irregularities in tooth alignment are removed. With the appliances that can be used in active growth period and direct the growth, the deteriorating relationships (orthopedic problems) of the lower and upper jaws are regulated. For this purpose, special functional appliances are prepared for orthopedic treatment, which can be worn and removed by the patients themselves at early ages before puberty. Orthopedic treatment is often followed by orthodontic treatment.
In orthodontic treatment, braces are used by the orthodontist, which is attached to the teeth. There are many types of brackets available. Today, the most used ones are metal brackets, ceramic brackets, lingual brackets. Lingual braces (lingual orthodontics-incognito) are individually designed and attached to the back surface of the teeth (tongue surface). Since the braces are not on the visible surface of the teeth, it is not understood by anyone else that the individual is being treated.
Brackets are attached to the teeth with the help of a special adhesive. Subjected to mechanical force, such as the consumption of hard food, the adhesive may detach from the tooth surface and cause the brackets to fall off. In orthodontic treatment, tooth movement is achieved by the forces applied to the brackets on the teeth. The fall of the bracket means that this force is no longer applied to the tooth, that is, the orthodontic treatment is interrupted. Falling brackets should be re-glued as soon as possible.
Invisalign aligners (transparent plates) have been developed as an alternative to brackets. Invisalign is a digital orthodontic treatment method that is made to correct your teeth, consisting of almost invisible, removable series of personalized plaques. After measuring digitally, according to the determined treatment plan, plaques are produced with 3-dimensional computer technology. Transparent plaques are produced in series according to the desired amount of movement and position in the teeth. 0.05 mm of movement is achieved with each plate. The plates are attached for 15 days and then the other plate is passed.
With transparent plaques, the possibility of tooth decay or gum diseases due to plaque involvement and intraoral irritations that can be seen in brackets are eliminated. The most important reason for preference of invisalign, which offers wireless orthodontic treatment, is that it is not clear to receive orthodontic treatment while correcting the crowding in the teeth. There are no restrictions on eating and drinking, thanks to the easy removal of plaques. It is necessary to use 18-30 plates on average during the treatment period.
Orthodontic treatment period varies from person to person, but it generally takes 6-30 months. This period is determined by the severity of the current problem, the amount of tooth movement required, the individual's skeletal-dental development and compliance with the treatment. If the patient comes to the appointments regularly, if the oral care is good, if the brackets and wires do not break frequently, the apparatus, tire, etc. If used properly, the treatment is completed in a minimum time.
Before orthodontic treatment, existing caries and gum problems should be treated. After the orthodontic treatment has begun, professional tartar cleaning to be performed by the physician at regular intervals and special oral care that should be applied by the patient at home will be effective in preventing new caries and gum problems.
During the treatment period, the individual should pay more attention to oral care. Because brushing teeth can be more difficult due to the braces. In addition to brushing teeth 3 times a day with an orthodontic toothbrush, the interface brushes and braces should also be cleaned. Mouthwashes can also be used as an aid in oral care.
Reinforcement treatment continues after the orthodontic treatment. For this purpose, during the removal of the brackets, the teeth are fixed to each other with a thin wire (retainer-fixing wire) attached to the back surface of the front 6 teeth. Thus, the return of the result obtained is prevented. This wire is absolutely invisible from the outside. In addition, a transparent protective plate is prepared according to the result obtained at the end of the treatment and the individual should use these protective plates in the direction recommended by the orthodontist. After the orthodontic treatment is finished, the controls predicted by the orthodontist must be followed.
Orthodontic treatment is a multi-choice treatment. In determining the treatment fee; Many factors such as the severity of the existing orthodontic problem, orthodontic appliances (metal, ceramic or lingual braces, removable appliances, transparent plates) or orthodontic treatment method (fixed or movable treatment, lingual bracing, invisaling treatment) to be used in treatment are effective.
For this reason, you should contact our orthodontist to get better information about the prices of your personal orthodontic treatment.